Hydraulic process and how it works
Hydraulic fracking, sometimes referred to as hydraulic drilling, hydraulic fracture, hydraulic firming, or hydraulic fracturing, is an engineering process involving the drilling of borehole wells by a pumped fluid. This process of hydraulic fracturing is also known as hydraulic fracturing (fracking) or hydraulic lifting. In this process, the pumped fluid forces up and down the well’s borehole opening. When this occurs, the well is supported at all times by a network of supports which include concrete, steel, fiberglass, or other material. In some cases, concrete blocks may be used.
These days, the gas and oil fields have found an alternative to water-based methods of propping up their wells. That alternative is the hydraulic fracturing fluids. This process works on the same principle of pumping in fluids to lift the soil and lift the well to its maximum level. The method however, has been modified and changed from the original water-based technique.
The process is very simple
In this case, the company or entity doing the hydraulic fracturing will dig into the shale layer using a drill. They will then pump out the fluid that’s needed to make the formation move. This is a very expensive process and involves huge amounts of water and chemicals which are generally not the safest for the environment. In addition, when you compare it to the use of water-based techniques, it’s clear to see why it is considered an alternative to natural gas. This is where the environmental debate comes into play.
For years now, environmentalists have been calling for an end to hydraulic fracturing because of the large amounts of water used in the process. They argue that it degrades the environment and puts the community at risk. As you probably know, natural gas has been the primary fuel used in the United States for roughly a century. In addition, it has been the fuel of choice for more than half a century in the UK, and it was the main fuel source during World War II.
groundwater contamination from hydraulic fracturing are highly unlikely
In response to the environmental debate, the Obama administration has placed in place a set of new regulations. One such regulation is the Final Environmental Impact Assessment, or FEAS. The rules set forth guidelines and reporting guidelines in order to better protect the groundwater supply. Among the many guidelines and reporting requirements, the final FEAS demands that operators take concrete steps to protect the groundwater supply. In short, the final FEAS establishes a series of measures aimed at protecting the groundwater as best as possible. The regulations also require operators to take a number of other proactive steps, such as notifying the EPA about any changes in the area’s water quality.
The Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for the final analysis under the final FEAS, but they must take the results into account and make recommendations. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the likelihood of groundwater contamination is highly unlikely. Specifically, they determined that hydraulic fracturing poses no significant threat to the groundwater quality in the U.S. and identified no evidence of widespread contamination. This conclusion was supported by the government agencies that reviewed the reports on the subject and found no evidence of significant groundwater contamination as a result of hydraulic fracturing.